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An astronomical image processing software


Cone Search

Cone search of catalogues provided by Virtual Observatory.


munipack cone [.. options ..] [--] RA DEC
munipack cone [--list-catalogues | --list-servers]


Search a selected catalogue provided by Virtual observatory interface (VO-capable cone search) with following features:

Southern declinations

Southern object coordinates starts with minus sign which can be recognised, by the parsing routine, as an option or a switch. To prevent the confusion, we must separate options and parameters by double-dash [--]. Than recognition of the coordinates will work as expected.

A typical message when the problem is occurred:

$ munipack cone 245.9 -26.5
Unknown option '26'
Usage: munipack cone ...

And can be easy solved as

$ munipack cone -- 245.9 -26.5

Catalogue Servers

Central Virtual Observatory catalogue site (VizieR) is maintained by Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg and provided as a VizieR service. The service is mirrored by other sites. The option --service offers possibility to select an appropriate mirror.

Network Timeout

Sometimes connection can not be established on first attempt or a network connection is down, in this case, the connection will be repeated for a while.

Input And Output

On input, no files are expected. Virtual Observatory is connected via network.

On output, results of the cone search are saved to a file.

Magnitudes in Johnson BVRI system

One can found usefull a conversion of UCAC4 magnitudes to Johnson BVRI photometry system. cone utility with --Johnson-patch has included the transformation derived by Lupton (2005).

Selection Constrains

Some servers supports additional parameters for search, output form and etc. For instance, there is a way how to limit magnitudes in V filter for stars brighter than eleven:

munipack cone --par 'Vmag=<11' -- 245.9 -26.5

The magnitude interval, as well as another quantity, is set by double dots:

munipack cone --par 'Vmag=11..12' -- 245.9 -26.5

Additional info can be found in VizieR utilitiy vizquery and constrain syntax documentation.


catalogue alias (see --list-catalogues)
search radius in degrees (default: 0.1)
low magnitude limit for the search
high magnitude limit for the search
convert Gunn's ri magnitudes to Johnson RI (UCAC4 only)
-s, --sort
sort by the column
use the URL. Following options are ignored: -c, --cat, --par, -r, --server
Full catalogue identifier like I/666
additional optional parameters (by default maximum verbosity is used)
A file type of the output file: fits,xml (default by suffix of -o option). votable provides conversion to other types.
an alternative configuration file (normally, located in [/opt]/usr/share/munipack/VOcat_conf.xml)
use VizieR's mirror
list of predefined catalogues
list of available VizieR servers
Double-dash separates options and switches from coordinates, it is necessary for negative coordinates (parser can be confused by minus sign normally introducting of a switch).

See Common options for input/output filenames.

Magnitude limits by --magmin, --magmax adjusts magnitudes in the sort column.

Using Another Catalogue

The list of available catalogues is limited. Some catalogue can be added by this way:


Does cone search of a default catalogue (UCAC4) pointed on Trifid nebula (α = 270.675°, δ = -22.972°):

$ munipack cone -- 270.675  -22.972

Do cone search of a default catalogue (UCAC4) pointed on globular cluster M13 with star magnitude limitation for a small telescope

$ munipack cone --magmin 10 --magmax 15 -- 250.423 36.461

Search GSC catalogue within Pleiades (α = 92.4°, δ = 24.1°) with cone radius of 0.2°:

$ munipack cone -c GSC -r 0.2 92.4 24.1

Cone search for negative coordinates needs separate parameters and options with double-dash:

$ munipack cone -c UCAC5 -r 0.2 -- 245.9 -26.5

See Also

Virtual Observatory, Sesame name resolver, Common options, vizquery documentation.